A large share of agricultural land is used for cattle production. This land use is important for ecosystem
services and biodiversity. Abandonment of grazed pastureland is a reality. Consumer interest is growing
for environmentally friendly produced milk and beef with high animal welfare standards; these aspects
often come together in grass-based production systems with much grazing. If this trend continues, a
significant share of cattle population can be raised in grass-based certified production systems in future.
This project analyse effects on economy and ecosystem services of a cattle production mainly based
on grass and pasture. Land use and economy are in focus and ecosystem services associated with land
use are quantified. In two workshops in cooperation with the cattle sector, scenarios for a future
grass-based cattle production are discussed and how environmental schemes should be designed to
benefit milk-and beef production that provides long-term sustainability.