Stiftelsen lantbruksforskning

Lantbruks- och trädgårdsföretagarnas egen forskningsstiftelse finansierar behovsdriven forskning för svenska förhållanden.
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Anatomisk besrkivelse av den nevro-sentrale synchondrosen: strukturen som kan forklare cervical vertebral stenotisk myelopati ("wobbler") på unge hester

Status: Pågående
Projektnummer: H-20-47-553
Kategori: Research program | Horse
Ansökningsår: 2020
Huvudsökande: Kristin Olstad
Organisation: Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
E-postadress: kristin.olstad@nmbu.no
Telefon: +4793231969
Medsökande: Anne Selvén Kallerud
Medsökande: Bjørnar Ytrehus
Beviljade medel: 342 000 SEK

Young horses can develop cervical vertebral stenotic myelopathy and ataxia, known as "wobbler syndrome" and associated with loss of breeding value, reduced athletic potential and euthanasia. Some wobblers have osteochondrosis of their vertebral facet joints, but it is now known how this relates to the narrowing of the spinal canal seen in wobblers. During research in pigs, a structure known as the neuro-central synchondrosis was discovered. The ends of it are responsible for forming the facet joints, and the middle is responsible for forming the spinal canal. The neuro-central synchondrosis is not described in textbooks of veterinary anatomy. The aim of the project is therefore to generate an anatomical description of the neuro-central synchondrosis in the neck of foals, using diagnostic imaging. The description will form the basis for future diagnosis of disease in this structure, with the potential to explain narrowing of the spinal canal and wobbler syndrome in young horses.

Unge hester kan utvikle cervikal vertebral stenotisk myelopati og ataksi, kjent som «wobbler syndrom» og forbundet med tap av avlsverdi, nedsatt atletisk potensial og eutanasi. Noen wobblere har osteochondrose i sine vertebrale fasettledd, men det er ikke kjent hvordan dette henger sammen forsnevringen av ryggmargskanalen i wobbler syndrom. Under forskning på gris ble det oppdaget en struktur kjent som den nevro-sentrale synchondrosen. Endene av strukturen er ansvarlige for å danne fasettleddene, og midten er ansvarlig for å danne ryggmargskanalen. Den nevro-sentrale synchondrosen er ikke beskrevet i tekstbøker for veterinæranatomi. Målet med prosjektet er derfor å lage en anatomisk beskrivelse av den nevro-sentrale synchondrosen i nakken på føll, gjennom bruk av avansert billeddiagnostikk. Beskrivelsen vil legge grunnlaget for fremtidig diagnose av sykdom i denne strukturen, med potensial til å forklare forsnevring av ryggmargskanalen og wobbler syndrom på unge hester.

 

Antal träffar i projektbanken: 1712

Anatomisk besrkivelse av den nevro-sentrale synchondrosen: strukturen som kan forklare cervical vertebral stenotisk myelopati ("wobbler") på unge hester
Kristin Olstad, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine

Projektnummer: H-20-47-553 • Status: Pågående • Ansökningsår: 2020

Young horses can develop cervical vertebral stenotic myelopathy and ataxia, known as "wobbler syndrome" and associated with loss of breeding value, reduced athletic potential and euthanasia. Some wobblers have osteochondrosis of their vertebral facet joints, but it is now known how this relates to …

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Läkemedelsresistenta spolmaskar - nya metoder för kontroll och övervakning av resistenta parasiter
Eva Tydén, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

Projektnummer: H-20-47-556 • Status: Pågående • Ansökningsår: 2020

The alarming development of triple resistant Parascaris spp. is an increasing threat to foal health and the equine industry, due to the risk of increasing veterinary costs and loss of foals. A continued development of triple resistant roundworms in Sweden would be devastating for foals and …

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Ryttarkänsla i praktiken - hur man undervisar ryttare
Anna Byström, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

Projektnummer: H-20-47-567 • Status: Pågående • Ansökningsår: 2020

Instructing riders is a complex task because the riding teacher needs to pay attention to both the horse and the rider. This is particularly challenging in the riding school situation. The aim of this project is to investigate riding teachers’ instructions of aids and their timing. The study will …

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Möjlig formulering av ett vaccin mot Strongylus vulgaris
Caroline Fossum, SLU

Projektnummer: H-20-47-568 • Status: Pågående • Ansökningsår: 2020

The proposed project aims to continue research for development of a vaccine protective against the pathogenic equine parasite Strongylus vulgaris. The ongoing work to establish appropriate in vitro models to screen the effect of candidate vaccine antigens/adjuvants will be continued. Cytokine …

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Tömtryck hos varmblodiga travare: kör vi med trasiga bromsar?
Elke Hartmann, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

Projektnummer: H-20-47-562 • Status: Pågående • Ansökningsår: 2020

Harness racing is hazardous as horses are running in close proximity at high speeds. Thus, an effective communication between driver and jockey-horse via rein signals to the bit is essential for safety reasons and horse welfare. However, scientific studies on rein tension in Standardbred trotters …

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Fördjupad förståelse och visualisering av samhällsekonomiska effekter av hästnäringen: Utökad modell för hästnäringen i Sverige och Norge
Tobias Heldt, Högskolan Dalarna

Projektnummer: H-20-47-566 • Status: Pågående • Ansökningsår: 2020

The overall purpose for this project is to deepen the understanding for how economic effects of the horse industry can be understood and visualised at micro level using consumption and production data in both Sweden and Norway. Background to the project is to find in the industry’s need for …

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Växtnäringskretslopp till uthållig ölproduktion
Björn Vinnerås, Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet

Projektnummer: JTI-20-83-489 • Status: Pågående • Ansökningsår: 2020

Just going to the bathroom is contributing to algae blooms and climate change. Sweden alone releases roughly 15400 tonnes of N and 240 tonnes of P into lakes, rivers and seas, through municipal wastewater (including after treatment). Urine contains 80% of the plant nutrients found in wastewater and …

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Kylning av golv till slaktgrisar - förbättrad djurvälfärd, hälsa, produktion och stallmiljö
Cecilia Lindahl, RISE Research Institutes of Sweden

Projektnummer: JTI-20-82-482 • Status: Pågående • Ansökningsår: 2020

Heat stress is expected to be of major concern in Swedish animal production systems in the future. The air temperatures in parts of Sweden are expected to correspond to today's temperatures in southern Europe, where livestock experience heat stress today. Excessive thermal load affects the welfare …

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Amerikansk vapenfluga larver som fodermedel i äggproduktion – med fokus på miljöberikning och alternativ proteinkälla.
Fernanda Tahamtani, Sveriges Lantbruksuniversitet

Projektnummer: JTI-20-82-485 • Status: Pågående • Ansökningsår: 2020

Poultry have a strong motivation for foraging and spend most of the day pecking and searching for food. In commercial conditions, the birds are fed a pellet diet, which is consumed very quickly. Consequently, hens spend a large part of the day engaging in abnormal non-food related pecking …

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Fluglarvskompostering för hållbart omhändertagande av organiska restströmmar från växthusodling
Cecilia Lalander, Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet

Projektnummer: JTI-20-83-497 • Status: Pågående • Ansökningsår: 2020

This application aims at finding a solution to a problem that exists in greenhouse production. Greenhouses have long been considered to be closed systems with no leakage to the surrounding environment. However, it has been shown that plant protection products (PPP) are found in the environment …

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