The aim of the project is to characterize genomic diversity and inbreeding, within and between Nordic native horse breeds, with special focus on the Norwegian and Swedish breeds. For this we will use whole genome sequencing of individual and pooled DNA samples. Genomic characterization is an essential first step in describing standing genetic variation within breeds to be preserved, and unique variation between breeds. It can further provide knowledge about genomic regions with unique characteristics and diversity, as well as genomic regions where breeds lack variation and are completely inbred. Therefore, this information can be utilized by breed associations to make well informed conservation and breeding plans. Our research also lays the foundation for further research leading to increased positive synergy in the horse sector.