Dairy cows are an important part of a sustainable and resilient food production as they facilitate circular flows on the farm and contribute to carbon sequestration, open landscapes and biodiversity. To achieve a sustainable dairy production in all parts of Sweden, we need large as well as small dairy herds. However, there is a lack of knowledge and adapted advisory services towards small dairy producers, whom often have a diverse production with on-farm refinements. For them to be a part of a sustainable food production, they need to be climate adapted and sustainable, with high biosecurity and good animal health, and we don't know if that is the case today. Thus, we will map sustainability and resilience in small dairy cattle herds with focus on biosecurity, working conditions, animal welfare, climate adaption and environmental impact. The results will high-light opportunities, obstacles and challenges for these farmers, and lead to increased knowledge and improved advisory services.