Stiftelsen lantbruksforskning

Lantbruks- och trädgårdsföretagarnas egen forskningsstiftelse finansierar behovsdriven forskning för svenska förhållanden.
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Objektiv måling av øvre luftvegs obstruksjon i Norsk og Svenske travhester

Status: Pågående
Projektnummer: H-19-47-472
Kategori: Research program | Horse
Ansökningsår: 2019
Huvudsökande: Eric Strand
Organisation: NMBU, Norway
E-postadress: Eric.Strand@nmbu.no
Telefon: (47)99583833
Medsökande: Zoe Fretheim-Kelly
Medsökande: null null

Upper respiratory tract (URT) collapse during exercise is one of the most common causes of poor performance in
sporting horses worldwide. Evaluation of laryngeal/ pharyngeal collapse during exercise in horses is currently graded
subjectively from videoendoscopic recordings on a treadmill or from overground endoscopy. Pilot studies in Equine
clinical cases performed at NMBU reveal that it is possible to measure URT obstruction objectively with pressure
transducers in either the trachea or nasopharynx during treadmill endoscopy. This has allowed us to start categorizing
different forms of URT obstruction as inspiratory/ expiratory, or combined. It has also allowed us to grade obstructions
as barely measurable (change in pressure 0 to 5 cmH20), mild (5 to10 cmH20), moderate (10 to 20 cmH20), severe (
> 20 cmH20). This project seeks to broaden our understanding of Equine airway physiology, and provide an objective
tool to assess the need for surgical treatment & response thereafter.

Kollaps av øvre luftveier under anstrengelse er en av de mest vanlig årsaker til nedsatt prestasjon hos sports hester
globalt sett. Evaluering av kollaps i svelget er gjort subjektivt fra video opptak tatt under tredemølle eller «overground»
undersøkelse. En «pilot studie» nylig utført ved NMBU viste at det er mulig å måle inspiratorisk/ ekspiratorisk lufttrykk i
trakea og svelget i kliniske kasus. Dette har gjort av vi kan begynne å kategorisere ulike typer av øvreluftveis kollaps
som inspiratorisk/ ekspiratorisk, eller begge deler. Vi kan også begynne å gradere ulike alvorlighetsgrad av kollaps
som: 1) så vidt målbar (forandring i luft trykk 0 til 5 cmH20); 2) mild (5 til10 cmH20); 3) moderat (10 til 20 cmH20); eller
4) markant (> 20 cmH20). Dette prosjektet vil øke vår kunnskap i luftveienes fysiologi, og gi oss en objektiv måte til å
vurdere behov for operasjon eller respons på eventuelle inngrep.

 

Antal träffar i projektbanken: 1676

Precisionsodlingsmästaren – ett projekt för att fånga in och utvärdera teknik och kunskapsläget inom lantbrukets digitalisering på växtodlingssidan
Carl-Otto Swartz, SLU

Projektnummer: R-19-62-182 • Status: Pågående • Ansökningsår: 2019

Digitization in agriculture sweeps like a tsunami over Swedish agriculture. Knowledge of its components and, above all, the profitability of investing in digitization is very low. The purpose of the project is to hold a competition in digitizing plant cultivation. The competition will be carried …

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Objektiv måling av øvre luftvegs obstruksjon i Norsk og Svenske travhester
Eric Strand, NMBU, Norway

Projektnummer: H-19-47-472 • Status: Pågående • Ansökningsår: 2019

Upper respiratory tract (URT) collapse during exercise is one of the most common causes of poor performance in
sporting horses worldwide. Evaluation of laryngeal/ pharyngeal collapse during exercise in horses is currently graded
subjectively from videoendoscopic recordings on a treadmill or from …

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Diagnos av parasitsjukdomar hos hästar med hjälp av mikrofluidik och mobiltelefonbaserad mikroskopi
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Projektnummer: H-19-47-493 • Status: Pågående • Ansökningsår: 2019

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Projektnummer: H-19-47-492 • Status: Pågående • Ansökningsår: 2019

The overall aim with the research project is to study and analyse the conditions for a child rights perspective to be implemented in the stable. Studies show hat young people who have a voice and are part of decision-makings in sport tend to continue longer. Having a voice is also an important …

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Projektnummer: H-19-47-479 • Status: Pågående • Ansökningsår: 2019

Insulin dysregulation (ID), a condition with excessive hyperinsulinemia, is the most common cause of laminitis in the horse. Insulin dysregulation is a core component of equine metabolic syndrome. Management strategies for ID include feeding diets low in non-structural carbohydrates, but excessive …

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Projektnummer: H-19-47-485 • Status: Pågående • Ansökningsår: 2019

This study focuses on the meaning of equine related sports- and leisure activities in the life of persons (children, young and adults) with intellectual disabilities (ID). Regarding equine related activities aimed at people with disabilities people with ID is the largest group who take part in such …

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Projektnummer: H-19-47-484 • Status: Pågående • Ansökningsår: 2019

The transition from winter-feeding to pasture involves a considerable diet change that might compromise the health of horses. Diseases like colic as well as insulin dysregulation and pasture associated laminitis are related to diet changes and pasture intake. However, little information exist on …

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Cannabinoider – Säkert foder, ren sport och framtida potential till häst
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Projektnummer: H-19-47-486 • Status: Pågående • Ansökningsår: 2019

Cannabinoids have potential to induce analgesia and muscle relaxation which would be beneficial for equine practice. Today there is no drug labelled for veterinary use containing these cannabinoids, but there are some herbal oil products which unofficially have been reported to be used in horses, …

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Vattenstress och sensorstyrd kvävegödsling: utveckling av beslutsstöd för bättre synergier mellan vatten- och kvävestatus
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Projektnummer: O-19-20-319 • Status: Pågående • Ansökningsår: 2019

Crop production
Energy and biomass

This project aims to modify existing sensor systems for adapted nitrogen fertilization to consider water stress at
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in field trials. Current commercial systems interpret water …

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Autonom styrning för förbättrad växtproduktion
Gunnar Larsson

Projektnummer: O-19-21-317 • Status: Pågående • Ansökningsår: 2019

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Automation technology is developing rapidly, not least in agriculture. Several of the biggest challenges in vehicular automation technology, such as complex interactions with other road users, are less problematic for agricultural vehicles than for road vehicles. There is therefore potential for …

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