Stiftelsen lantbruksforskning

Lantbruks- och trädgårdsföretagarnas egen forskningsstiftelse finansierar behovsdriven forskning för svenska förhållanden.
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Objektiv måling av øvre luftvegs obstruksjon i Norsk og Svenske travhester

Status: Pågående
Projektnummer: H-19-47-472
Kategori: Research program | Horse
Ansökningsår: 2019
Huvudsökande: Eric Strand
Organisation: NMBU, Norway
E-postadress: Eric.Strand@nmbu.no
Telefon: (47)99583833
Medsökande: Zoe Fretheim-Kelly
Medsökande: null null

Upper respiratory tract (URT) collapse during exercise is one of the most common causes of poor performance in
sporting horses worldwide. Evaluation of laryngeal/ pharyngeal collapse during exercise in horses is currently graded
subjectively from videoendoscopic recordings on a treadmill or from overground endoscopy. Pilot studies in Equine
clinical cases performed at NMBU reveal that it is possible to measure URT obstruction objectively with pressure
transducers in either the trachea or nasopharynx during treadmill endoscopy. This has allowed us to start categorizing
different forms of URT obstruction as inspiratory/ expiratory, or combined. It has also allowed us to grade obstructions
as barely measurable (change in pressure 0 to 5 cmH20), mild (5 to10 cmH20), moderate (10 to 20 cmH20), severe (
> 20 cmH20). This project seeks to broaden our understanding of Equine airway physiology, and provide an objective
tool to assess the need for surgical treatment & response thereafter.

Kollaps av øvre luftveier under anstrengelse er en av de mest vanlig årsaker til nedsatt prestasjon hos sports hester
globalt sett. Evaluering av kollaps i svelget er gjort subjektivt fra video opptak tatt under tredemølle eller «overground»
undersøkelse. En «pilot studie» nylig utført ved NMBU viste at det er mulig å måle inspiratorisk/ ekspiratorisk lufttrykk i
trakea og svelget i kliniske kasus. Dette har gjort av vi kan begynne å kategorisere ulike typer av øvreluftveis kollaps
som inspiratorisk/ ekspiratorisk, eller begge deler. Vi kan også begynne å gradere ulike alvorlighetsgrad av kollaps
som: 1) så vidt målbar (forandring i luft trykk 0 til 5 cmH20); 2) mild (5 til10 cmH20); 3) moderat (10 til 20 cmH20); eller
4) markant (> 20 cmH20). Dette prosjektet vil øke vår kunnskap i luftveienes fysiologi, og gi oss en objektiv måte til å
vurdere behov for operasjon eller respons på eventuelle inngrep.

 

Antal träffar i projektbanken: 1676

Förbättrad utvärdering av officiella fältförsök genom bildanalys av drönarfoton med maskininlärning
Aakash Chawade

Projektnummer: O-20-23-462 • Status: Pågående • Ansökningsår: 2020

Crop production
Energy and biomass

The goal of the project is to digitize the data from the Swedish official field trials through automated estimates of important traits such as germination, growth, resistance, maturity and the effect of plant protection products. The purpose is to streamline and improve scoring of both diseases but …

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Från negativ till positiv - Ny diagnostik för identifiering av etiologi vid okända virusinfektioner hos häst
Anne-Lie Blomström, Swedish university of agricultural sciences

Projektnummer: H-20-47-555 • Status: Pågående • Ansökningsår: 2020

Viral infections of horses have significant impact on animal welfare and can lead to huge economic losses. One of the first early signs of a viral infection is the development of fever and to at this early step be able to identify the agent behind the infection would lead to rapid and correct …

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Anatomisk besrkivelse av den nevro-sentrale synchondrosen: strukturen som kan forklare cervical vertebral stenotisk myelopati ("wobbler") på unge hester
Kristin Olstad, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine

Projektnummer: H-20-47-553 • Status: Pågående • Ansökningsår: 2020

Young horses can develop cervical vertebral stenotic myelopathy and ataxia, known as "wobbler syndrome" and associated with loss of breeding value, reduced athletic potential and euthanasia. Some wobblers have osteochondrosis of their vertebral facet joints, but it is now known how this relates to …

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Läkemedelsresistenta spolmaskar - nya metoder för kontroll och övervakning av resistenta parasiter
Eva Tydén, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

Projektnummer: H-20-47-556 • Status: Pågående • Ansökningsår: 2020

The alarming development of triple resistant Parascaris spp. is an increasing threat to foal health and the equine industry, due to the risk of increasing veterinary costs and loss of foals. A continued development of triple resistant roundworms in Sweden would be devastating for foals and …

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Ryttarkänsla i praktiken - hur man undervisar ryttare
Anna Byström, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

Projektnummer: H-20-47-567 • Status: Pågående • Ansökningsår: 2020

Instructing riders is a complex task because the riding teacher needs to pay attention to both the horse and the rider. This is particularly challenging in the riding school situation. The aim of this project is to investigate riding teachers’ instructions of aids and their timing. The study will …

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Möjlig formulering av ett vaccin mot Strongylus vulgaris
Caroline Fossum, SLU

Projektnummer: H-20-47-568 • Status: Pågående • Ansökningsår: 2020

The proposed project aims to continue research for development of a vaccine protective against the pathogenic equine parasite Strongylus vulgaris. The ongoing work to establish appropriate in vitro models to screen the effect of candidate vaccine antigens/adjuvants will be continued. Cytokine …

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