Stiftelsen lantbruksforskning

Lantbruks- och trädgårdsföretagarnas egen forskningsstiftelse finansierar behovsdriven forskning för svenska förhållanden.
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Objektiv måling av øvre luftvegs obstruksjon i Norsk og Svenske travhester

Status: Pågående
Projektnummer: H-19-47-472
Kategori: Research program | Horse
Ansökningsår: 2019
Huvudsökande: Eric Strand
Organisation: NMBU, Norway
E-postadress: Eric.Strand@nmbu.no
Telefon: (47)99583833
Medsökande: Zoe Fretheim-Kelly
Medsökande: null null

Upper respiratory tract (URT) collapse during exercise is one of the most common causes of poor performance in
sporting horses worldwide. Evaluation of laryngeal/ pharyngeal collapse during exercise in horses is currently graded
subjectively from videoendoscopic recordings on a treadmill or from overground endoscopy. Pilot studies in Equine
clinical cases performed at NMBU reveal that it is possible to measure URT obstruction objectively with pressure
transducers in either the trachea or nasopharynx during treadmill endoscopy. This has allowed us to start categorizing
different forms of URT obstruction as inspiratory/ expiratory, or combined. It has also allowed us to grade obstructions
as barely measurable (change in pressure 0 to 5 cmH20), mild (5 to10 cmH20), moderate (10 to 20 cmH20), severe (
> 20 cmH20). This project seeks to broaden our understanding of Equine airway physiology, and provide an objective
tool to assess the need for surgical treatment & response thereafter.

Kollaps av øvre luftveier under anstrengelse er en av de mest vanlig årsaker til nedsatt prestasjon hos sports hester
globalt sett. Evaluering av kollaps i svelget er gjort subjektivt fra video opptak tatt under tredemølle eller «overground»
undersøkelse. En «pilot studie» nylig utført ved NMBU viste at det er mulig å måle inspiratorisk/ ekspiratorisk lufttrykk i
trakea og svelget i kliniske kasus. Dette har gjort av vi kan begynne å kategorisere ulike typer av øvreluftveis kollaps
som inspiratorisk/ ekspiratorisk, eller begge deler. Vi kan også begynne å gradere ulike alvorlighetsgrad av kollaps
som: 1) så vidt målbar (forandring i luft trykk 0 til 5 cmH20); 2) mild (5 til10 cmH20); 3) moderat (10 til 20 cmH20); eller
4) markant (> 20 cmH20). Dette prosjektet vil øke vår kunnskap i luftveienes fysiologi, og gi oss en objektiv måte til å
vurdere behov for operasjon eller respons på eventuelle inngrep.

 

Antal träffar i projektbanken: 1712

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Peat use in horticulture is increasingly discussed due to its climate-relevance and the disturbance of mires. At the
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Slippery floors results in falls and injuries which can be fatal. Moreover, on dairy farms slippery floors impede oestrus behaviour and ease of heat detection and as result cause economical losses due to impaired fertility. Grooving is the most common way to treat concrete floors to reduce …

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Respiratory conditions is a growing issue in the equine industry and for horse welfare. Equine asthma is characterised by airway obstruction, chronic intermittent cough and mucus accumulation an impact the quality of life for affected horses. Similar to its human equivalent, equine asthma is a …

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The transition from winter-feeding to pasture involves a considerable diet change that might compromise the health of horses. Diseases like colic as well as insulin dysregulation and pasture associated laminitis are related to diet changes and pasture intake. However, little information exist on …

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A primary reason for unhealthy legs and claws are unsuitable floor properties in dairy houses,
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Projektnummer: H-17-47-290 • Status: Avslutat • Datum för slutrapport: 29 juni 2021

The purpose of the project is to analyse stable cultures in cyberspace in Sweden and Norway. In recent years, questions about the welfare of horses have been debated in social media and norms for horse-keeping are created on Internet. In this project, these norms are conceptualised as stable …

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Using split fertilization of nitrogen (N) in wheat production is today well-established to increase protein content and adjust fertilization. However, deep knowledge and understanding of N uptake and remobilization during late stages of crop development are missing. Moreover, while split …

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