Stiftelsen lantbruksforskning

Lantbruks- och trädgårdsföretagarnas egen forskningsstiftelse finansierar behovsdriven forskning för svenska förhållanden.
Läs mer

Ridundervisningens pedagogiska praktik; lärande, interaktion och kommunikation om ryttarkänsla

Status: Avslutat
Projektnummer: H-15-47-054
Kategori: Research program | Horse
Ansökningsår: 2015
Datum för slutrapport: 20 december 2019
Huvudsökande: Anna Bergh
Organisation: SLU
E-postadress: Anna.Bergh@slu.se
Telefon: +46703035997
Medsökande: Susanne Lundesjö Kvart
Medsökande: Gustaf Lymer
Beviljade medel: 1 070 000 SEK

The aim of the project is to study how instructors at Swedish riding schools instruct and communicate "the riding feeling". The focus is on communication, pupil´s learning and the interaction between instructor, pupil and horse. The "riding feeling" is a tacit knowledge and refers to the rider’s intuitive feeling regarding how and when to influence the horse. The goal is to develop the art of riding and thereby horse welfare. Riding lessons in groups and one-to-one riding instruction will be videotaped. From studying pupil-instructor pairs for a longer time, it is possible to observe learning through changed interaction. The analyses will be done from an ethnomethodological and conversation analytic perspective. The intention is to look closer at what resources riding instructors and riding pupils use to communicate with each other and the horse. The project is based on collaboration between the Department of Equine studies at SLU and the Department of Education at Uppsala University.

Syftet med projektet är att studera hur ridlärare på svenska ridskolor undervisar och förmedlar ryttarkänsla. Detta med fokus på kommunikation, ridelevers lärande samt interaktionen mellan ridlärare, ridelev och häst. Med ryttarkänsla, en så kallad tyst kunskap, avses ryttarens intuitiva känsla för hur de egna handlingarna påverkar hästen. Målet med projektet är att utveckla ridkonsten och därigenom hästvälfärden. Ridundervisningen, i grupp samt enskild, kommer att videofilmas. Genom att följa ridlärare/ridelevpar under en längre tid kan lärande, i form av en förändrad interaktion, observeras och analyseras. Studien görs inom ramen för ett etnometodologiskt och samtalsanalytiskt perspektiv. Avsikten är att i detalj studera vilka resurser ridlärare och ridelever använder för att interagera med varandra och hästen. Det föreslagna projektet bygger på ett samarbete mellan hippologenheten vid SLU och Institutionen för pedagogik, didaktik och utbildningsstudier vid Uppsala universitet.

Syftet var att utforska interaktionen mellan deltagare vid ridundervisning på svenska ridskolor och hur ridlärare kan göra ryttarkänsla möjlig att lära. Med hjälp av samtalsanalys bearbetades videoinspelningar av ridlektioner med grupper av elever och enskilda elever. Analyserna av gruppundervisningen visar att det finns ögonblick, begränsade i tid och rum, när ridläraren och de individuella eleverna tillsammans, genom ömsesidig orientering, etablerar så kallade "instruktionsutrymmen". Detta är sekvenser med instruktioner, instruerade handlingar och återkoppling på instruerade handlingar. Resultat från de enskilda lektionerna visar hur ridlärarna ständigt skiftar fokus mellan elevens sits och påverkan, hästens aktivitet, samt kommentarer om ryttarkänslan. Resultaten visar också att deltagarna i samverkan skiftar mellan aktivitet och reflektion, för att göra ryttarkänsla möjlig att lära. Sammanfattningsvis visar resultaten på vikten av en dialog mellan deltagarna under ridundervisning.

The area of interest for this study is riding school lessons with both group teaching and individual teaching. Researchers have shown an interest in how riders develop the “equestrian feel” when riding, but more research is needed on how riding teachers can make the feeling learnable. The overall aim of the project was to investigate, through collected video material, the situated pedagogical practice during riding lessons. The specific objectives were to study the collaboration and the interaction between the participants during riding lessons in groups, and how the participants make the “equestrian feel” learnable during individual lessons.
Video recordings were conducted at five different riding schools, during ten group lessons and five four individual lessons. The analytical approach is ethnomethodology and conversation analysis. The analysis focuses on the sequential organization of the participants´ actions. A focus was on which actions the participants use, and how the participants orient towards the mobile situation in time and space.
During riding lessons in groups, the analysis shows that there are moments, limited in time and space, when the riding teacher and the individual, collaboratively, by mutual orientation, establish so called “instructional spaces”. Within these sequences, instructions from the teacher and instructed actions by the students are performed. For example; the riding teacher interrupts an ongoing instruction to the group and gives an individual instruction to a student who comes close the riding teacher. The student immediately produces an instructed action. Timing and the participants' interaction in the mobile situation is shown to be important when the participants, in collaboration, create an instructional space. Analysis also shows how the teacher gives instructions to one student repeatedly, regarding the same problem, each time the student choose to ride close to the teacher. The participants work together to make instructions and instructed actions possible and thus co-create instructional spaces within this mobile situation. In another example, the teacher stops one student and walks up close before she gives an instruction reinforced by a practical demonstration.
From the individual riding lessons, the most important knowledge was how the teachers constantly shift focus when they give their instructions or explanations. They change focus between the student's seat and impact, the horse's movements and actions, and finally giving comments on the ”equestrian feel” (the specific font matches the focus rider, horse and “equestrian feel”). Comments on the “equestrian feel” can be done by marking the pace with the voice, using metaphors or by well-timed feedback and instructions during ongoing activity. An example of this shifting focus is the following quote, where the riding teacher switches between all three focuses in one and the same instruction: "don’t let him be long from the beginning sit down yes upward think uphill look up in the roof canter yes good now and so outside rein squeeze squeeze squeeze and then release squeeze squeeze squeeze release and inside leg activate". Further, the participants in collaboration shifted between activity and reflection, as they worked to make the feeling learnable, with the goal to have a shared understanding of the ”equestrian feel”.
The project provides important information about riding lessons at riding schools and the results can thus contribute to further development of riding school activities. This study also contributes to the developing field of coaching in riding, by showing how riding teachers and students collaborate to make the “equestrian feel” learnable.

 

Antal träffar i projektbanken: 1676

Konstellationsbaserad affärsmodellutveckling för lantbruk
Charlotte Norrman

Projektnummer: O-16-21-773 • Status: Avslutat • Datum för slutrapport: 30 november 2020

Matfågel
Växtodling
Energi & biomassa
Kött
Mjölk
Potatis
Trädgård

The main objective of the project is to develop and disseminate an innovative research-based tool kit for development of collaboration-based business models for agricultural companies. Through this, the project contributes to increased profitability within the agricultural sector. The toolkit will …

Läs mer

Automatiska registreringar för ökad djurhälsa och djurvälfärd hos betesdjur
Mats Emilson, Agroväst Livsmedel AB

Projektnummer: R-19-62-179 • Status: Avslutat • Datum för slutrapport: 2 oktober 2020

Global livestock production must be intensified to meet the demand from a growing human population. However, this must not be at the expense of reduced animal health and deteriorated animal welfare. Infection with parasitic worms of ruminants is a major constraint on an efficient pasture-based …

Läs mer

Vaccination - ett möjligt alternativ till avmaskning av häst?
Caroline Fossum, SLU

Projektnummer: H-16-47-193 • Status: Avslutat • Datum för slutrapport: 28 september 2020

Resistance against antiparasitic drugs is now an increasing problem. Despite a lot of effortd put on preventive measures, such as egg counting and selective treatments, there is still a need for alternative and sustainable methods that do not result in rapid development of drug resistance. The …

Läs mer

Uppdaterad och utökad livscykelanalys av svensk grisproduktion
Ulf Sonesson

Projektnummer: O-17-23-979 • Status: Avslutat • Datum för slutrapport: 4 september 2020

Kött

The most recent carbon footprint of Swedish pig production was presented in 2009, and no full LCA have been published in 15 years. In recent years major improvements have occurred in Swedish pig production and an updated environmental profile for Swedish pork is needed. The project will identify …

Läs mer

Utvärdering av Clostridium perfringens typ A och Clostridium difficiles koppling till spädgrisdiarré
Magdalena Jacobson

Projektnummer: O-16-20-768 • Status: Avslutat • Datum för slutrapport: 24 augusti 2020

Kött

During the last decade, neonatal porcine diarrhoea (NPD) has become an increased problem in Swedish herds. Clostridium (C.) perfringens type A (CpA) and C. difficile (Cd) have been highlighted as causes of NPD but their importance has also been questioned. We have previously demonstrated that CpA …

Läs mer

Gradering av vallar i norra Sverige med hjälp av satellitbilder
Julien Morel, SLU

Projektnummer: R-19-62-180 • Status: Avslutat • Datum för slutrapport: 24 augusti 2020

Mixed leys are among the most important crops in northern Sweden for the dairy production. Mapping the within and between fields variability of the biomass, nitrogen (N) uptake and potentially also forage quality (digestibility and neutral detergent fibre) would help farmers to optimise their …

Läs mer

Framtagning av bladmögelresistenta matpotatissorter för stora delar av Sverige
Erik Andreasson

Projektnummer: O-15-20-557 • Status: Avslutat • Datum för slutrapport: 16 juli 2020

Potatis

Sammanfattning av projektet på engelska

The aim of the project is that by maintaining the "lowest reasonable level" and implement large scale marker assistance of the existing plant breeding program of potato at SLU Alnarp improve opportunities to develop new food potato varieties with durable …

Läs mer

Växtnäringsbevattning med organiska N-gödselmedel i svensk äppelproduktion
Helene Larsson Jönsson, Sveriges Lantbruksuniversitet

Projektnummer: S-15-56-588 • Status: Avslutat • Datum för slutrapport: 1 juli 2020

The aim of the project is to evaluate and develop the use of organic fertigation in Swedish apple production. The project will focus on yield, external (colour, firmness, appearance) and internal (concentration of sugar and organic acids) quality and fruit tolerance against fungal diseases during …

Läs mer

Byråkratin i lantbruket belastar och kostar
Christina Lunner Kolstrup

Projektnummer: O-15-21-565 • Status: Avslutat • Datum för slutrapport: 1 juli 2020

Matfågel
Växtodling
Energi & biomassa
Kött
Mjölk
Potatis
Socker
Trädgård

Farmers today report a high workload, financial burden, frustration and stress linked to legislative and regulatory bureaucracy, which is a serious obstacle for development and growth in the sector. The proposed project aims to identify and quantify time requirements and costs of government-related …

Läs mer

Avancerat integrerat växtskydd mot jordloppor i vårraps
Riccardo Bommarco

Projektnummer: O-16-20-756 • Status: Avslutat • Datum för slutrapport: 30 juni 2020

Växtodling

Flea beetles are serious insect pests in spring oilseed rape. After neonicotinoid seed treatments were restricted, no effective chemical control methods are currently available for flea beetle control. Crop protection has therefore become a serious limiting factor for growing the crop. In an …

Läs mer
Prenumerera på vårt nyhetsbrev